The result of the Peloponnesian War was that it ended in victory for Sparta and its allies, and led directly to the rising naval power of Sparta. Athens was "to have the same friends and enemies" as Sparta. Thus, Cyrus put all his means at the disposal of Lysander in the Peloponnesian War. The Corcyra never joined the Athenian League or the Spartans, w… These men were permitted to carry weapons, entitled to jury trial, and allowed to reside with the city limits. What happened in Athens that led to its weakening and eventual downfall in the first Peloponnesian War? Ask your question . In the aftermath, Athens gave amnesty to the 3,000 men who were given special treatment under the regime, with the exception of those who comprised the governing Thirty and their associated governmental officials. In the 17th year of the war, word came to Athens that one of their distant allies in Sicily was under attack from Syracuse. The Athenian Empire, although based in the peninsula of Attica, spread out across the islands of the Aegean Sea; Athens drew its immense wealth from tribute paid from these islands. During these campaigns, the Spartans under Agesilaus’s command met with numerous rebelling Greek poleis, including the Thebans. It was a struggle for power between the ancient Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta . A. Clashing religious and cultural. This was a direct violation of the Thirty Years' Peace, which had (among other things) stipulated that the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League would respect each other's autonomy and internal affairs. New Questions. The Peloponnesian War was soon followed by the Corinthian War (394–386 BC), which, although it ended inconclusively, helped Athens regain some of its former greatness. During the winter of 379/378 BCE, a group of Theban exiles snuck into Thebes and succeeded in liberating it, despite resistance from a 1,500-strong Spartan garrison. They only managed a respite from the violence with the ‘Thirty Years Peace’ treaty in the winter of 446/5 BC. During the subsequent Battle of Potidaea, the Corinthians unofficially aided Potidaea by sneaking contingents of men into the besieged city to help defend it. What was the outcome of the Peloponnesian War? SURVEY . This list of men was constantly being revised, and selection was most likely a reflection of loyalty to the regime, with the majority of Athenians not supporting the Thirty Tyrants’ rule. History. a. Athens and Sparta were so destabilized by the war that. However, it marked the demise of Athenian naval and political hegemony throughout the Mediterranean. After additional setbacks, Nicias seemed to agree to a retreat until a bad omen, in the form of a lunar eclipse, delayed any withdrawal. Athens proceeded to bring under its control all of Greece except for Sparta and its allies, ushering in a period which is known to history as the Athenian Empire. Upon arriving, he raised up a force from several Sicilian cities, and went to the relief of Syracuse. Agesilaus II was one of two Spartan kings during the period of Spartan hegemony, and is remembered for his multiple campaigns in the eastern Aegean and Persian territories. The Corinthians, the Spartans, and others in the Peloponnesian League sent more reinforcements to Syracuse, in the hopes of driving off the Athenians; but instead of withdrawing, the Athenians sent another hundred ships and another 5,000 troops to Sicily. The fear of plague was so widespread that the Spartan invasion of Attica was abandoned, their troops being unwilling to risk contact with the diseased enemy. The Athenians managed to survive for several reasons. Lysander and Spartan king Agis were in agreement with Corinth and Thebes that Athens should be totally destroyed in the aftermath of the Peloponnesian War, but they were opposed by a more moderate faction, headed by Pausanias. Although the conflict lasted for 28 years, and caused huge economic, political, and societal problems for both Athens and Sparta as well… In 430 BC an outbreak of a plague hit Athens. The Peloponnesian war lasted 27 years, and it occurred for many different reasons. How did they finally win? This debate was attended by members of the league and an uninvited delegation from Athens, which also asked to speak, and became the scene of a debate between the Athenians and the Corinthians. During his kingship, Agesilaus embarked on a number of military campaigns in the eastern Aegean and Persian territories. Sparta's powerful ally Corinth was notably opposed to intervention, and the congress voted against war with Athens. [11] The History of the Peloponnesian War tells the story of the Peloponnesian War in Ancient Greece.It was written by Thucydides, an Athenian general who served in that war. Alcibiades, while condemned as a traitor, still carried weight in Athens. Which of the following was a major cause of the Peloponnesian War? The Peloponnesian War lasted three decades and had a major influence on the trajectory of ancient Greek history and culture. The Athenians did not act solely from altruism: rallied on by Alcibiades, the leader of the expedition, they held visions of conquering all of Sicily. This was a reactionary regime set up by Sparta. Log in. Citizens reacted against Athens’ defeat, blaming democratic politicians, such as Cleon and Cleophon. This war, while greater than previous skirmishes, was not entirely anomalous. A further source of provocation was an Athenian decree, issued in 433/2 BC, imposing stringent trade sanctions on Megarian citizens (once more a Spartan ally after the conclusion of the First Peloponnesian War). As the preeminent Athenian historian, Thucydides, wrote in his influential History of the Peloponnesian War, "The growth of the power of Athens, and the alarm which this inspired in Lacedaemon, made war inevitable." The Greek city-states eventually attempted to broker peace, but Theban diplomat Epaminondas angered Agesilaus by arguing for the freedom of non-Spartan citizens within Laconia. As a result of the Peloponnesian War, Sparta, which had primarily been a continental culture, became a naval power. They happen and have outcomes. The democratic alliance was broken up, and most of its members were reincorporated into the Peloponnesian League. The Persians were slow to furnish promised funds and ships, frustrating battle plans. Despite all this, not all Athenian men had their rights removed. Rising to particular importance in Athenian democracy at this time was Cleon, a leader of the hawkish elements of the Athenian democracy. The helots made the Spartan system possible, but now the post off Pylos began attracting helot runaways. The delay was costly and forced the Athenians into a major sea battle in the Great Harbor of Syracuse. At the same time, Athens greatly increased its own power; a number of its formerly independent allies were reduced, over the course of the century, to the status of tribute-paying subject states of the Delian League. Thucydides is important because he is one of the great Greek historians. by A.H. Clough. Its empire began as a small group of city-states, called the Delian League — from the island of Delos, on wh… Q. He took command of the Syracusan troops, and in a series of battles defeated the Athenian forces, and prevented them from invading the city. The destruction of Athens's fleet in the Battle of Aegospotami effectively ended the war, and Athens surrendered in the following year. 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