Momotombo Volcano (left) and Momotombito Island, viewed across Lake Managua, Nicaragua. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. For part of its course, the San Juan forms the boundary between Nicaragua and Costa Rica. Archaeologists feel that it was once a large bay along the Pacific Ocean , and volcanic eruptions over long periods of time filled in the land with lava. 2,565 were here. Lake Superior. Also, the 19th largest (by area) in the world and 9th largest in the Americas. Oval in shape, with an area of 3,149 square miles (8,157 square km), the lake is 110 miles (177 km) in length and has an average width of 36 miles (58 km). The volume of a lake is a difficult quantity to measure. The lowland area runs from the Gulf of Fonseca to Nicaragua's Pacific border with Costa Rica south of Lake Nicaragua. The most well known are the Ometepe Island where you find two volcanoes and also on the lake is the Solentiname Islands. Due to the chemical composition of the volcanic rocks forming parts of the lake’s bed and shores, the lake waters contain high proportions of dissolved magnesium and potassium salts. On the shores of Lake NIcaragua, Granada, Los Portales. The most famous of all of the “inhabitants” of Lake Nicaragua is the freshwater shark! Granada is a UNESCO World Heritage city in the west of Nicaragua, overlooking the shores of Lake Nicaragua. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. It is also the largest lake in Central America. View Images Concepción is a volcano on the island of Ometempe in Lake Nicaragua. Sponsored by . A third volcano associated with the lake is Mombacho, about 4,430 feet (1,350 metres) high, which stands on the western shore. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Check our Properties browser and let us a message with your inquiry. All species in this biotope tank live in Nature in similar habitats. Such a biotope setup, where every species is taking its niche, stimulates the natural reproductive behaviour. There are more than 400 islands in the lake, 300 of which are within 5 miles (8 km) of the city of Granada on the northwest shore. The edge of Lake Nicaragua , Las Isletas area. Nicaragua has the largest area of primary-growth rainforest north of the Amazon, six active volcanoes and 550 miles of coastline dotted with sandy beaches and sleepy surf towns. Together with Lake Managua and the San Juan River, Lake Nicaragua forms an enormous tectonic valley with a total surface area of 41,000 km2. The Spanish Conquistadors referred to it as La Me Dulce (the Sweet Sea). Contrary to popular belief, the lake is tideless, although there is a daily fluctuation in the water level caused by east winds blowing up the San Juan valley. Lake Nicaraguais the largest lake in Central America. Nicaragua is home to Caribbean beaches, active volcanoes and Central America’s largest lake. One-quarter of the country's population lives in the capital. They are relevant to the conservation of different species, as well as attracting specific groups of tourists. Concepción Volcano, southwestern Nicaragua. Managua is its capital and largest city. If you are out, away from the city and Isletas, the water is okay. To the east lies the Caribbean, and to the west the Pacific. The lake is bisected by a chain of volcanos which has led to the formation of numerous islands, the largest of which is Ometepe Island. The San Juan River drains out of the lake, following a 112-mile (180-km) course that runs from the southeastern shore of the lake through a densely forested region to empty into the Caribbean Sea. After the completion of the Panama Canal in 1914, interest in the project once more subsided. And amid its natural beauty, you’ll find even more beautiful people and culture. The arrangement revived interest—which lasted for many years—in the possibilities of a trans-Nicaragua canal. Visiting Lake Nicaragua. Lake Nicaragua has also been the site of volcanic activity, which created two main features in the lake. km, Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America. The first feature is the island Ometepe, the largest volcanic island within a freshwater lake in the world. Covering an area of 130,967 sq. Granada is on Lake Nicaragua and there is a sort of beach area but from what I was told, the city dumps into the lake. Nicaragua's freshwater sharks have been migrating up the Rio San Juan to Lake Nicaragua from the Atlantic Ocean, for as long as people can remember. Known by several names- indigenous peoples referred to it as Cocibolca. There are several currents in the lake; the principal one runs from southeast to northeast on the surface, while beneath it a deeper current flows in the opposite direction. All Areas; 15 Minutes Walking Distance To The Center (1) On The Shores Of Lake NIcaragua (1) Default . With an area of just over 3000 square miles and an elevation just over 100 feet above sea level, it reaches depths of over eighty feet! Updates? The islands form a haven for wildlife and dense vegetation in the primary form of tropical dry forest. Bull sharks, also known as the Nicaragua shark, the Zambezi or Zambi shark are found in Lake Nicaragua. Portales del Cocibolca . Lake Nicaragua is the largest lake in Central America. A volcanic mountain chain runs directly thru the middle of Lake Nicaragua forming a chain of beautiful islands and groups of islets. 95 relations. The lake’s surface is 95 feet (29 metres) above sea level. Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America, bordering Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. It has a total area of 130,370 square km. 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