first king of shah dynasty

The Parthians gradually expanded their control, until by the mid-2nd century BC, the Seleucids had completely lost control of Persia. For this reason, their belief was profoundly shaken after the battle of Chaldiran between Shah Ismail and the Ottoman Sultan Selim in the year 920H/1512CE [15] and the subsequent defeat of Shah Ismail. Jun 25, 2019 - This Pin was discovered by Ronaaki. Shah Dynasty, Unification of Nepal . Discover (and save!) After that they declined rapidly, but nominally ruled territories until the 1850s. 27. Killed in battle with. He was the son of a poor peasant, who lived in Khorasan and died while Nader was still a child. The Seleucid dynasty gradually lost control of Persia. In 1925, Reza Khan, a former Brigadier-General of the Persian Cossack Brigade, deposed the Qajar dynasty and declared himself king (), adopting the dynastic name of Pahlavi, which recalls the Middle Persian language of the Sasanian Empire. The dynasty was established by Shah Mir in 1339 CE, there are two theories regarding Shah Mir's origin. Mazandaran is location in North-East of Tehran, South-East of the Caspian Sea. your own Pins on Pinterest Later the entire nation derived its name Nepal from 'Nepa:' (Nepa: means Kathmandu valley in Nepal Bhasa]. For this reason orthodox Islamic law normally requires extremely stringent evidence for such accusations. [1] Tabriz is a city, which to this day, carries the same name and is located in the East Azerbaijan Province in Iran. Slanders and insults to the Companions and the Caliphs were announced in the streets, markets, and upon the pulpits of mosques, warning all those who oppose from among the Sunnis that their necks will be cut [6]. 3(II), THE SELEUCID, PARTHIAN AND SASANIAN PERIODS, Cambridge University Press, 1983. He told him: “Son! bringing close) of the different branches, and this is a result of nothing more than their ignorance about Shiism, its beliefs, history, and developmental stages it went through, and we mention among them specifically the scholars from Egypt, its intellects, and callers. 265–306. How was the end of this criminal ‘ Shah Ismail ‘ no mercy upon him ?? Regent for and murderer of Alexander IV. Vallat, Francois. [11] Yazdegerd III or Yazdgerd III was the 38th and last king of the Sasanian Empire of Iran. (his first wife). Jul 19, 2015 - King Zahir with King of Iran Reza Shah Pahlawi For aiding Timur, he was given Diyarbakir in 1402, M‘uizz al-Din Jahangir ibn Ali ibn Qara Yülük, Timur bin Taraghai Barlas, later Timur Gurkani, Nephew of Ulugh Beg and great-grandson of Timur, Before crowning his title was Tahmasp Qoli Khan. ARTA, 2003. • King Yasho Brahma Shah, the generation of Kulmandan Shah, had two sons- Nara Hari Shah and Drabya Shah. Exercised no actual power in Persia. 3(I), THE SELEUCID, PARTHIAN AND SASANIAN PERIODS, Cambridge University Press, 1983. Jan 3, 2021 - Explore Lida M's board "SHAH "King of the King"", followed by 200 people on Pinterest. He surrounded the Mosque of Tabriz and announced the authority of the Twelver branch under the rule of the Safavid State. )", tr. Tagged under Iran, Shah, Pahlavi Dynasty, Wikipedia, King Of Kings. Justi, Ferdinand, "Iranisches Namenbuch", Tehran, Asatir, 2003. Briant, Pierre, "From Cyrus to Alexander: A History of the Persian Empire", 2002. Vallat, Francois. Josephus Flavius, Antiquities of the Jews. Shah Dynasty( Introduction) • Shah dynasty was the ruling dynasty of Kingdom of Gorkha until 1768 and of the Kingdom of Nepal from 1768 to 28 May 2008. Persia on the eve of Reza Pahlavi's coup. See more ideas about iran, pahlavi dynasty, the shah of iran. 30-36. 55–104. And Praise be to Allah, for neither this interpretation was fulfilled nor the first one. NABU, 1995. He then pulled Shah Ismail by his belt, and placed a dagger in the belt and told him: “Go forth for I have authorized you” [8]. Shah Jahan's first child born to his first wife, Kandahari Begum. Assar, "Moses of Choren & the Early Parthian Chronology", 2006. [7] Believed by the Shiah to be their twelfth Imam, who they are awaiting his return. The answer is that Iran and Iraq, before the rule of the Safavids, were under the rule of the Aq Qoyunlu Turcomans, and before them under the rule of the Qara Qoyunlu tribes, who were also from the Turcomans. 95–106. He married. 69–93. In 1941 the Soviet Union and Great Britain, fearing that the shah would cooperate with Nazi Germany to rid himself of their tutelage, occupied Iran and forced Reza Shah into … your own Pins on Pinterest Note: Classical Persia is generally agreed to have ended with the collapse of the Sasanian Empire as a result of the Muslim conquest of Persia. The original voice of Mozaffar Ad-din Shah Qajar(1853-1907) , the fifth king in Qajar dynasty, is the first audio ever recorded in Iran (1905)where the King refers to himself as a "Shadow Of God". 11, 2006, pp. The First King of the Safavid Dynasty (907H/1501CE) As mentioned earlier, after Shah Ismail killed the Prince of Aq Qoyunlu, he announced the establishment of his Safavid State with the city of Tabriz [1] as its capital. Ruled over the western portion of the empire. F. Firuznia, دنیای گمشده ایلام, Tehran, 1992). Transition period. Later, he was killed by Romans. From the lecture on the Pahlavis dynasty, the Qajar Dynasty last king Ahmad Shah put down the constitutional revolution and having worked with the British first and then tilting towards the Russians (Pahlavis, 44:47). The Shah dynasty regained control and the prime minister, Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, resigned. Jan 11, 2013 - The then King of the Royal state of Gorkha, Prithvi Narayan Shah, Later first Shah dynasty king of modern/unified Nepal, watching the Nepa: (Kathmandu valley) before beginning his unification campaign from Chandragiri Hill. He would go down in history as He also founded some new town such as Firozpur,Firozabad, and Hissar-Firoza. Nov 20, 2020 - Explore Ep Smf's board "The shah of iran" on Pinterest. Shah Ismail crossed the river alone and entered a nearby cave. 61–86. Potts, D. T., The Archaeology of Elam, Cambridge University Press, 1999. Deposed and went to Rome. From this man's dynasty came Kul Mandan Khan who later took the "Upadhi"(Rank) called "Shah" and became Kulmandan Shah. Jan 24, 2020 - This Pin was discovered by Amina Anthonio. ( Log Out /  He then ordered the preachers of all the Mosques to slander the first three rightly guided Caliphs [4], and over emphasize the sanctity of the Twelve Imams. This move angered the British because they wanted to use Iran as an outpost to monitor the Soviet Union. At First was a subject ruler under Babylon, then he became an independent Sha (Shah), The Shah of Susa [First Shah of Iran]. [18] That is what is happening today in Iraq, and in Baghdad specifically, where the extreme fanatic Takfeeri Shiah positions are emerging, which were being planted in a concentrated manner among the Shiah in the 90s after the American sanctions on Iraq, and which its results became apparent after the fall of Baghdad and the invasion of the Americans. Khizr khan was the first ruler of Sayyid dynasty. Some Thoughts on Neo-Elamite Chronology. Rule contested with his uncle Sulayman Shah (1153-1155), Reign largely guerilla warfare against the Mongol conquerors, Son of Suseh son of Munkqan son of Malik-Temur son of, Puppet of Ali Padshah, fled after being defeated by the, Son of Sudi son of Bababahathor son of Abokan son of Amakan son of Tur son of Jujiqisar son of, Son of Yul Qotloq son of Il Temur son of Ambarji son of Mengu Temur son of, Ruled on behalf of his Il-Khanate puppets. NABU, 1996. He then minted a currency for his State and wrote on it: “There is no God but Allah, Muhammad is the Prophet of Allah, Ali is the Wali of Allah”, then followed it with his name [3]. He was also king of Armenia as Vologases I, Killed by his wife Gorduya or by his general Pariowk, Deposed by Iranian aristocrats and replaced by, Son of Mihran-Goshnasp & Chaharbakht who was daughter of Yazdandad son of, Umar became Caliph in 634 and his forces conquered Persia in 642. The last ruling King of the Shah dynasty in Nepal, King Gyanendra was born in 1947. Prithvi Narayan Shah succeeded his father King Nara Bhupal Shah to the throne of Gorkha in 1743 AD. Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev. This dynasty was formed by Shams Al-Din Ilyas Shah in the year 1342 CE. Page from a Shah-nama (Book of Kings) of Firdausi (Persian, about 934-1020), 1520-40. Levin, L’histoire de l’Iran antique, Paris, 1937; tr. Assar, G.R.F., "Genealogy & Coinage of the Early Parthian Rulers, II a revised stemma", Parthica, 7, 2005, pp. ARTA, 2002. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_monarchs_of_Persia&oldid=998054657, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Then he ordered the Kizilbash to eat him, which they did! King of Unified Nepal. The Shah dynasty (Nepali: शाह वंश), also known as the Shahs of Gorkha or the Royal House of Gorkha, was the ruling Chaubise Thakuri dynasty from the Indian subcontinent; and derived from the Gorkha Kingdom from 1559 to 1768 and later the unified Kingdom of Nepal from 1768 to 28 May 2008.. ibnabbas Oct 2, 2013 - King Farouk of Egypt,Princess Fawzia his sister and her husband The Shah of Iran. The Fratarakas appear to have been Governors of the Seleucid Empire. Prithvi Narayan Shah (c 1769-1775), with whom we move into the modern period of Nepal's history, was the ninth generation descendant of Dravya Shah (1559–1570), the founder of the ruling house of Gorkha. Discover (and save!) The Shah did as he was ordered during the Friday gathering, and brought along his followers from among the Kizilbash. Begun at the end of the reign of Shah Ismail (reigned 1501-24), first king of the Safavid dynasty of Iran, this copy of the Shah-nama (Book of Kings) was completed during the reign of his son Shah Tahmasp #MediaStorehouse Vallat, Francois. Parhez Banu was her mother's only child and died unmarried. The group that broke away! In many cases an Islamic court or a religious leader, an alim must pronounce a fatwa (legal judgment) of takfir against an individual or group (wiki). The King of Nepal referred to as the Mahārājādhirāja or King of Kings. After them, Dambar Shah, Krishna Shah, Rudra Shah and Prithvipati Shah ruled over the state of Gorkha in succession. Died while in route to put down a rebellion. In Matthew, noble pilgrims followed a star to Israel to pay homage to the newborn Christ Child (See Pilgrim). King of Unified Nepal. Ilyas Shah Dynasty was a Muslim dynasty that ruled India during the medieval period between the 14th and 15th century. Forced to resign the throne in the face of public protest, later deposed and blinded. The Shahs Kings were the descendents of Dravya Shah who was a Sidodia Rajpur from Chittor in modern Rajasthan with his ancestors settled in Gorkha, the region that gave them their clan name Gurkha.. She died … Shah Ismail gathered between sectarian intolerance, extremism, takfir [17], and a thirst for blood [18]. I", Parthica, 6, 2004, pp. May 29, 2018 - Explore Kamyar Mahboobi's board "[M] Kings of IRAN" on Pinterest. Whenever he used to kill a prince from among the princes he used to make that prince’s wife and wealth lawful for someone. Aqeedah, History The First King of the Safavid Dynasty (907H/1501CE) As mentioned earlier, after Shah Ismail killed the Prince of Aq Qoyunlu, he announced the establishment of his Safavid State with the city of Tabriz [1] as its capital. XIII, 1922. 1, THE LAND OF IRAN, Cambridge University Press, 1968. WHY IS FIROZ SHAH TUGHLAQ CALLED 'the reformer' ? The Cambridge History of Iran (CHI), vol. In addition to this, they saw themselves as being appointed by the Mahdi and his authorized representatives. Prithvi Narayan Shah succeeded his father King Nara Bhupal Shah to the throne of Gorkha in 1743 AD. After the collapse of Bahmani Sultanate, the "Qutb Shahi" dynasty was established in 1518 AD by Quli Qutb Mulk who assumed the title of "Sultan". Majidzadeh, Yusef, "History and civilization of Elam", Tehran, Iran University Press, 1991. Shah Ismail . Shutruk-Nahunte, Shutur-Nahunte et l'imbroglio neo-elamite. Earlier monarchs in the area of modern-day Iran are listed in: Minor dynasties and vassal monarchs can be found in: Pharaonic titulary: Horus: Smatawy, Nswbty: Mesutire[2]. It is said that there in the land of Liglig, there was a tradition of choosing a king every autumn for a year by a running race that was open to everyone.. After the unification of all the Baise and Chaubise Rajyas, on 25 th September 1768, King Prithvi Narayan Shah founded the Kingdom of Nepal. Discover (and save!) Exercised no actual power in Persia. your own Pins on Pinterest In opposition to Mas'ud Shah. Note. When they wanted to diverge from these beliefs, they came up with another set of beliefs and tales to justify their departure from these core positions of their school. Assar, G.R.F., "Moses of Choren & the Early Parthian Chronology", Electrum, vol. Majidzadeh, Yusef, "History and civilization of Mesopotamia", Tehran, Iran University Press, 1997, vol.1. It killed Sunnis and exiled them in vicious cleansing campaigns, causing thousands, if not millions, of Sunnis to flee. Qashqai, H., "The successors of Mithridates II", Assar, G.R.F., "A Revised Parthian Chronology of the Period 165-91 BC" Qashqai, H., "The successors of Mithridates II", Assar, G.R.F., "A Revised Parthian Chronology of the Period 165-91 BC", Josephus Flavius, Antiquities of the Jews, Book XVI, Ch.8.4, In arabic, ibn means son of. Kashf is etymologically related to mukashafa “disclosure”, or “divine irradiation of the essence”, which connotes “gaining familiarity with things unseen behind the veils”, such that the veils in front of the purely spiritual realms are opened slightly, and they begin to gain familiarity with the unseen (wiki). The Cambridge History of Iran (CHI), vol. 6, THE TIMURID AND SAFAVID PERIODS, Cambridge University Press, 1986. A Zoroastrian Persian dynasty that held power in the north for over a century before finally falling to the Abbasid Caliphate. No inscription on coinage. G. Posener, La première domination perse en Égypte, Cairo, 1936, pp. This article lists the monarchs of Persia (Iran) from the establishment of the Median Empire by Medes around 705 BC until the deposition of the Pahlavi dynasty in 1979. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. [21] Iran Dirasah ‘Aamah (Iran: General Studies), Dr. Muḥammad Waṣfī Abū Mughlī 1985, from the Publications of Markaz Dirāsāt al-Khalīj al-ʻArabī, Jāmiʻat al-Baṣrah. His title Maharajadhiraja ("king of great kings") suggests that he was the first emperor of the dynasty. Shah Ismail then took over Persia, Karman, Khuzestan (i.e. Chr. Dec 6, 2019 - This Pin was discovered by Hossein Javdan. The Cambridge History of Iran (CHI), vol. Sahib Az-Zaman, one of the names he is given, can be translated as “the Master of the Age”. Miroschedji, P. de, 'La fin du royaume de l’Ansˇan et de Suse et la naissance de l’empire perse', 1985, ZA 75, pp. [13] Previous reference (p. 29), however the author of ʻUnwān al-majd fī bayān ahwāl Baghdād wa-al-Basrah wa-Najd, Ibrāhīm ibn Ṣibghat Allāh Ḥaydarī (who died in 1882 CE, and who is a descendant of the Safavids who remained upon Sunni Islam and fled from the Shiah Safavids) mentions another interpretation to this dream, and says that this dream means that their scholars shall continue to remain till the Day of Judgment. That is an overview of Shah Ismail, the founder of the Safavid State, which is considered the foundational state for every Twelver Shiah state to come after it. First Shah of Iran = Karibu-Sha-Shushinak also known as Shushinak (3750 BC), son of Shimbi-ish-Khuk (patesi of Susa, governor of the land of Elam), of The Susa Dynasty. Defining Neo-Elamite History. [8] Tarikh Shah Ismail (p.88), Markaz Tahqeeqat Faris Publication, Iran; and Pakistan, Islamabad, ‘Ālam ārāy-i Ṣafavī (p. 64), [9] Iran Under the Safavids  (p. 64), Roger Savory, [10] Translated as dissimulation, and is a concept which holds a central place in the Twelver Shi’a branch. Even before them we have the Iranian Revolutionary Guards, who were raised upon the ideas of al-Khomeini and al-Khamenei, and everyone knows what they committed in Iraq from unprecedented bloodshed, which was not even committed by the Jews, and this is no exaggeration! Vallat, Francois. ", Electrum, vol. 29–63. See more ideas about the shah of iran, iran, pahlavi dynasty. Meaning, that he gained control of the west, south, and the north of present-day Iran, starting his state from Azerbaijan region north of Iran. It can also be translated as "Sovereign Emperor". As mentioned earlier, after Shah Ismail killed the Prince of Aq Qoyunlu, he announced the establishment of his Safavid State with the city of Tabriz [1] as its capital. He was crowned twice, first crowned by name of Safi II on November 1, 1666, and second crowned by name of Shah Suleiman on March 20, 1668. Ancestry. The eunuch chief of the Qajar tribe, Mohammad Khan Qajar, established the dynasty in 1785 when he overthrew the Zand dynasty and took the Peacock Throne. Arabistan), Mazandaran, and Astarabad [22]. See more ideas about farah diba, pahlavi dynasty, the shah of iran. He has been castrated at the age of six by the leader of a rival tribe, so he had no sons, but his nephew Fath Ali Shah Qajar succeeded him as Shahanshah, or "King of Kings." Born in Tehran, to Reza Khan (later Reza Shah Pahlavi) and his second wife, Tadj ol-Molouk, Mohammad Reza was the eldest son of Reza Khan, who later became the first Shah of the Pahlavi dynasty, and the third of his eleven children.His father, a former Brigadier-General of the Persian Cossack Brigade, was Mazandarani origin. Vallat, Francois. Assar, G.R.F., "A Revised Parthian Chronology of the Period 165-91 B.C. Le royaume elamite de SAMATI. Assar, 2004.Assar, 2005. [14] Kashf or "unveiling" is a Sufi concept dealing with knowledge of the heart rather than of the intellect. He, his sons and their successors continued fighting and defeating other kingdoms and enlarging the kingdom of Gorkha. Tavernier, Jan. * Dravya Shah (Grandson of Kul Mandan Shah, Youngest son of Yaso Bramha Shah, the King of Lamjung)was at first prince of Lamjung became king of Gorkha in 1616 BS Bhadra Krishnastami Wednesday. The Ilyas Shah Dynasty begins its rule with the Shams Al-Din Ilyas Shah, the first independent rule of Bengal Sultanate. This declaration may be made if the alleged Muslim declares himself a kafir, but more typically applies to a judgment that an action or statement by the alleged Muslim indicates his knowing abandonment of Islam. Shah (/ ʃ ɑː /; Persian: شاه ‎, romanized: Šāh, pronounced , "king") is a title given to the emperors, kings, princes and lords of Iran (historically known as Persia in the West). The Kingdom of Gorkha, the seat of the Shah Dynasty, was founded in 1559 by King Dravya Shah, son of King Yashobramha Shah of Lamjung. The Uzbeks waged their own attack against him, and were close to claiming Khorasan, but Shah Ismail was able to win it back. 7, FROM NADIR SHAH TO THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC, Cambridge University Press, 1991. He went to the south of Tabriz, to the city of Hamadan conquering it and defeated Murad-Beq the prince of the Aq Qoyunlu tribes, who escaped to Shiraz [20]. The monarchs of Nepal were members of the Shah dynasty who ruled over the Kingdom of Nepal from 1743 to its dissolution in 2008. Apr 18, 2014 - Reza Shah: The first Shah of Iran from the Pehlavi dynasty; he came from a modest family, joined the army and eventually led a coup against the ruling family and proclaimed himself shah Lineage, Dynasty, and Architecture: Wajid Ali Shah in Metiabruz by Srinanda Ganguly Painted frontispiece of ‘Vājid ʿAlī Shāh seated with attendants’ (right) followed by the lithographed text’s embellished title page (left), from the Daryā-yi Taʿashshuq or ‘the impassioned sea’, another Urdu romantic mas̲navī in the dāstān tradition (Source: The British Library) He thinks it more likely that he was a descendant of Turkish or Persian immigrants to Swat, who had intermarried with local indigenous peoples. The Cambridge History of Iran (CHI), vol. Jahrhundert v. Defeated and captured by Parthians. Ruled in Khorasan, dominating a series of nephews in Iraq. A question which may arise is: How was Shah Ismail able to gain control all of Iran? Nöldeke, Theodor, "Geschichte der Perser und Araber zur Zeit der Sasaniden. King Prithvi Narayan Shah became the First King of modern Nepal as he was the one who brought all … The Safavids mention that one of the Sufi Sheikhs, namely Shaikh Zahed al-Kilani, who taught their grandfather Safi al-Din Al-Ardabili, foretold following a dream seen by Safi al-Din Al-Ardabili, that “the descendants of this master will overtake the world, and elevate day after day, until the time of the awaited Mahdi” [13]. Historian A. Q. Rafiqi states that some Persian chronicles of Kashmir describe Shah Mir as a descendant of the rulers of Swat. Upon exiting the cave, Shah Ismail was seen holding a sword, and told his companions that he had seen the Mahdi Sahib az-Zaman [7] in the cave, who told him: “The time of my emergence has arrived”. The Sunnis of Iran suffered greatly as a result, and [many] were forced into adopting the Twelver Shia branch after Shah Ismail killed close to one million Sunnis in just a few years [5]. Prithvi Narayan Shah was the first king of Nepal. Henkelman, wouter. Gorkha was then relatively smaller than her neighbours but, by the time he passed away, Dravya Shah had managed to expand the borders of the kingdom to include some of the neighbouring provinces. Assar, G.R.F., "A Revised Parthian Chronology of the Period 91-55 B.C. Even those who presented themselves to the people as moderates, such as, the students of Mohammad Baqir al-Sadr (who was executed by Saddam in 1980): Ibrahim al-Jafari and Jawad (Nouri) al-Maliki members of the Dawa Party, who were seen by some of the Sunnis as the most moderate, yet these massacres occurred during their time and rule! He succeeded his nephew King Dipendra after his death as no member of his brother’s family survived the cruel massacre. Generally, one of the emirs held a sort of primus inter pares supremacy over the rest, which would be marked by titles like Amir al-umara and Shahanshah. The reason behind this call, is to detach and divert away from the beliefs and the concepts of Taqiyah [10] and waiting for the arrival of the Mahdi, which the scholars of the Shiah had for long carried as one of their fundamental principles, which entailed the abandoning of Jihad and the partaking in armed conflicts until the arrival of the Mahdi. See more ideas about King of kings, The shah of iran, Pahlavi dynasty. Dandamaev, Muhammad A., "Persien unter den ersten Achämeniden (6. Iran Shah Pahlavi Dynasty Wikipedia King Of Kings, Reza Pahlavi Crown Prince Of Iran is a 777x768 PNG image with a transparent background. Similarly, the father of Muqtada al-Sadr, Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr, who was seen as a moderate, yet here are his followers, the “Mahdi Army”, who everyone knows the crimes they committed and the Takfeeri blood thirsty beliefs this generation carries. As a result of this defeat, conflicts erupted between the Kizilbash and internal fighting emerged between them after this battle, and the shaking of this belief in their minds [16]. Killed in battle by, Highly autonomous master of the Ilkhanate royal estates (the. Discover (and save!) MCQ Nepal Parichaya.docx ... Ans: Fatte jungh Shah was the prime minister of Nepal when the Kot Massacre took place. Karim Kešāvarz as Tāriḵ-e Mād, Tehran, 1966. When al-Hussein son of Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) married the daughter of the Persian King Yazdegerd [11] after the battle of al-Qadisiyyah, and they gave birth to the Imam Zayn al-Abidin Ali, two rights converged: The right of the descendants of the [Prophet’s] household in the caliphate (as per the view of the Twelver Shiah) [12], and the right of the Iranian Kings. Persian Dynasties - History of Persia and Persian Kings according to the Bible. This is in regards to Shiah influence [on the movement] and its effect. Shah Ismail killed from the city of Tabriz alone 20,000 Sunnis. Ilyas Shah Dynasty was a Muslim dynasty that ruled India during the medieval period between the 14th and 15th century. Along with the establishment of his State, he declared the Twelver Shiah branch as the Religion of the State, and that he shall spread and enforce it throughout Iran. King of Anshan from 559 BC. Preoccupations in the east meant Sanjar was unable to dominate him. your own Pins on Pinterest
first king of shah dynasty 2021