Tuberculosis is caused by a: a. virus b. bacterium c. pox d. parasite e. fungus 2. Match. Which is the best action to take during an earthquake? Although sharps injury prevention measures have led to overall exposure decreases in recent decades, blood and body fluid exposures, including sharps injuries, continue to occur (2). This computerized test measures a student athlete’s visual and verbal memory, reaction time, and processing speed. They accounted for 63% of the needlestick injuries from June 1995 July 1999 (NIOSH, 1999). B. Research is conflicting as to whether it can also help prevent injury, It's best to stretch after you warm up and cool down. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website.. One example of this type of autoimmune disease is immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). In fact, the risk of post-concussion s… How is post-traumatic arthritis diagnosed? Balance Test Check visual acuity Common assessment tool: • Snellen eye test Assess vitamin D intake Assess feet/footwear Identify comorbidities (e.g., depression, osteoporosis) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Injury Prevention and Control . Gravity. According to The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there are nearly 385,000 sharps-related injuries that occur annually in the US healthcare industry, which is an average of 1,000 per day. Diabetes is a number of diseases that involve problems with the hormone insulin. The highest risk of injury is from blood filled hollow bore needles. Preventing COVID-19 The best way to prevent these long-term complications is to prevent COVID-19. STUDY. In: Longo DL, Fauci AS, Kasper DL, Hauser SL, Jameson J, Loscalzo J. eds. What might have caused this to happen? Post-concussion syndrome is a complex disorder in which various symptoms — such as headaches and dizziness — last for weeks and sometimes months after the injury that caused the concussion.Concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury that usually happens after a blow to the head. Type the correct answer in the box. Which is the best treatment for a severe bleeding injury? What is one way Alice might have prevented this injury? In the United States, local, state, and national agencies (for example, county and state health departments or the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) require that these diseases be reported when they are diagnosed by doctors or laboratories. Her body is sweating to maintain homeostasis, which is caused by the action of a/an _____. You don't have to lose consciousness to get a concussion or post-concussion syndrome. The database of guidelines available from the National Guideline Clearinghouse and the recommendations of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force are especially useful. C. By wearing safety equipment appropriate to the activity. The chicken pox represents what link in the chain of transmission in this scenario? Post Test: Preventing Disease and Injury. 3 INTERVENE to reduce identiied risk factors using efective strategies. A sharps injury is penetrating stab wound from a needle, scalpel, or another sharp object that may result in exposure to blood or body fluids. Start studying Pretest: Preventing Disease and Injury. Match the diseases with the body systems they relate to. What is an example of an intentional injury? Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. percent of the Center s for Disease Contr ol and Prevention (CDC) documented cases of health care workers who contracted HIV from needlestick injuries involved injuries with hollow -bore, blood -filled needles ( CDC, 1998 a). According to the Centers for Disease and Prevention (CDC), 1.7 million people are diagnosed with a brain injury each year. Write. The department provides high quality, evidence-informed research, resources, scientific and technical advice, as well as other services important to public health. It can also occur with violent shaking and movement of the head or body. Autoimmune diseases occur if the body's immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells in the body. Thirty-four states and many nations around the world already require or encourage employers to implement such programs. a) Falls are the leading cause of concussion, followed by bicycle and skateboard accidents, motor vehicle crashes, and sports. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that about 385,000 sharps-related injuries occur annually among health care workers in hospitals. THE HUMAN TOLL Drunk and drugged driving comes with a cost - and it is one that robs us of mothers, fathers, sisters, brothers, spouses and friends. Which of the following statements is correct? ITP is a bleeding disorder in which the blood doesn't clot as it should. This is done by preventing exposures to hazards that cause disease or injury, altering unhealthy or unsafe behaviours that can lead to disease or injury, and increasing resistance to disease or injury should exposure occur. B. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (10) Drag the tiles to the boxes to form correct pairs. The risks and benefits of the test or procedure. a. 12. Chapter 378. He or she will ask you about your other medical history. Match the diseases with the body systems they relate to. If an athlete later has a concussion, post-injury tests can be compared to the baseline evaluation to measure the severity of … She has a breathing problem. Please check to indicate whether this is a: _____ Pre-Test _____ Post-Test 1. Drag the tiles to the boxes to form correct pairs. In addition, the aim of public health is to prevent the occurrence of an illness or a disease, while clinical medicine helps to cure a person who is already affected by illness. Her immune system is exhibiting the _____ like of defense. No single test will prove you have post-concussion syndrome.Your doctor may want to order a scan of your brain to check for other potential problems that could be causing your symptoms. Which is the best treatment for a severe bleeding injury? What results to expect and what they mean. A report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States lists the following percentages for injury rates from a study with data collected from 1995 to 2007:. This defense is part of _____ immunity. Primary prevention—those preventive measures that prevent the onset of illness or injury before the disease process begins. Fundamentals of TB Pre- and Post-Test and Answer Key This test is used to assess course effectiveness. Rabies post-exposure immunization is an example of which of the following levels of prevention with regard to infectious disease interventions? Allowing young children to play with small toys. plato grade 10 health. Jenny is running for more than an hour on a pleasant sunny morning. Our Health Promotion, Chronic Disease and Injury Prevention (HPCDIP) team supports Ontario’s public health system, community health care intermediaries and partner ministries. While ice skating, Alice slipped and injured her knee. In the emergency room, a doctor may be able to rule out a spinal cord injury by careful inspection and examination, testing for sensory function and movement, and by asking some questions about the accident.But if the injured person complains of neck pain, isn't fully awake, or has obvious signs of weakness or neurological injury, emergency diagnostic tests may be needed.These tests may include: 1. CONCUSSION: DIAGNOSIS, TREATMENT, AND PREVENTION POST-TEST 1) Concussion, a subset of traumatic brain injury, is caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head that disrupts normal brain function. If an autoimmune disease destroys the body's platelets, thrombocytopenia can occur. Concussion and Other Head Injuries. The best strategies for preventing COVID-19 infection in youth and adults are to wear a mask in public places, stay at least 6 feet away from other people, frequently wash your hands, and avoid crowds and confined or poorly ventilated spaces. Michelle felt an electric shock when she was ironing her clothes. 300,000 injuries per year means exponentially more friends, family members and loved ones unnecessarily impacted by this preventable crime. Injuries involving hollow-bore needles: During or after disposal: 22% It is also responsible for about 90% to 95% of diabetes cases in the United States, according to the CDC. While public health concentrates on the well-being of the entire population, clinical medicine focuses on the health of a single individual. Evidence-based research provides the basis for sound clinical practice guidelines and recommendations. Examples include immunization and taking regular exercise. Please circle the letter for the best answer to each question. pl-antboy. In about 0.5 percent of cases, it moves from the gut to affect the central nervous system and there is muscle weakness resulting in a flaccid paralysis. The doctors have diagnosed that the small airways in her lungs have narrowed. What is Traumatic Brain Injury — or TBI? Ease into it. Flashcards. This data may appear to be “old”, dating back five or … Spell. Traumatic brain injuries are usually emergencies and consequences can worsen rapidly without treatment. Which is the best way this injury could have been prevented? The reason you are having the test or procedure. While ice skating, Alice slipped and injured her knee. Injuries can occur at every stage of their use, disassembly, or disposal. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 18e. Which is the best action to take during an earthquake? A. Questions will include history of an injury, how and when the joint bothers you, what makes the pain better, and what makes it worse. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. TBI occurs as the result from a blow or jolt to the head that disrupts the normal function of the brain. Accessed 6/2/2020. Learn. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Poliomyelitis, commonly shortened to polio, is an infectious disease caused by the poliovirus. Test. When and where you are to have the test or procedure. Ninety percent of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) document-ed cases of health care workers who contracted HIV from needlestick injuries Sue is suffering from _____. Brain Injury Basics. While not everyone with type 2 diabetes is overweight, obesity and lack of physical activity are two of the most common causes of this form of diabetes. Spell all words correctly. Created by. Apply a sterile bandage with pressure to stop the bleeding. If inside, seek protection from windows and hanging objects. The name of the test or procedure. Nina has a flu and a high fever. Primary prevention aims to prevent disease or injury before it ever occurs. Doctors usually need to assess the situation quickly. Christopher came down with chicken pox after spending time in his child's day care. This can occur over a few hours to a few days. What is the purpose of the "care" step of first aid? What kind of wound occurs when the skin scrapes against a hard surface and tiny blood vessels break in the outer layer of the skin? Sharps injuries are a significant injury and health hazard for health care workers and also result in a number of direct and indirect organizational costs. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. What kind of wound occurs when the skin scrapes against a hard surface and tiny blood vessels break in the outer layer of the skin. What the possible side effects or complications are. The key elements common to all of these programs are management leadership, worker participation, hazard identification and assessment, hazard prevention and control, education and training, and program evaluation and improvement. Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) is in the final phases of developing practice guidelines for diagnosis and management of acute kidney injury. When you come to your doctor for evaluation of joint pain, he or she will ask you about the history of your problem. Before the sports season starts, each athlete takes a computerized test that measures brain functions, such as memory and reaction time. X-rays. Which is an example of risky behavior that could lead to injury? 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