Even so, Basel's sanitation department succeeds in clearing away this mess within two hours during the night, so, by the following morning, there is little evidence of the previous day's events. The Schnitzelbank singer is a bard that sings satirical verses about current events in Basel or from around the world. Originally, sweets in the form of small sugar balls known as confetti (an Italian name, similar to the English confectionery) were given away or thrown at the crowd during the parade. [1], Since 2017, the Carnival of Basel has been included in UNESCO's intangible cultural heritage.[2]. Andreasplatz, Basel, Switzerland - February 19th, 2018. It is an unwritten law that masked and/or costumed participants are not subject to confetti attacks. In that case, one Clique will stop and let the other Clique pass. ("Morgestraich, forward march!") A total of 185 parade lanterns were carried or pushed on mobile frames. 22 – 24 February 2021. It lasts for exactly 72 hours ending on Thursday morning at 4:00 am. Members of the various Cliques wear costumes that fit a specific theme, except during Morgestreich and on Fasnacht Tuesday. Breaking from tradition, Basel carnival is on the Monday following Ash Wednesday, occurring over the locally-coined three finest days. The Basel Fasnacht is not only the biggest in Switzerland, but also one of the most crowded one of the world. It has been listed as one of the top fifty local festivities in Europe. Before the beginning of Lent, or the 40-day fasting period, feasts and folk-festivals were commonly held. It provides services to the groups involved in Fasnacht and mediates between the interests of the Fasnacht, the general public, and the authorities. The parades became more political and gradually adopted their typical satirical bent. In Bern, the term for carnival is either Fasnacht or Fastnacht which means on the eve of fasting. The carnival takes place in Basel, Switzerland kicking off on Monday after Ash Wednesday at approximately 4:00 am. [email protected]Kontakt, Terms of Use / Exclusion of Liability / Privacy Statement. A high point is always at the ‘morgestraich,’ in … The Fasnacht Committee (Comité), established in 1910, was permitted to sell them in order to finance part of the Fasnacht costs. Drum History; Drum Facts; Drum Manufacture; Drums on Carnival of Basel It is requested, though not required, that visitors purchase a badge, so that the groups can continue to finance themselves. During their chosen day (1st, 2nd, or 3rd Bummelsonntag, depending on the group), the groups go on a small trip somewhere outside of Basel, usually including a visit to a restaurant. Some Cliques have uniform Kopflaternen but traditionally during the Morgestraich, Clique members do not wear uniform costumes. During the Cortège, there are many trucks or tractors with decorated trailers. This was decided by the regional confetti manufacturers to prevent the once-common practice of reselling "used" confetti. In 2020, the carnival was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This is not a complete list, rather an overview of the larger or more significant events. For spectators, there is the ever-present danger of being attacked from behind by a confetti-throwing Waggis, especially if not wearing a Carnival badge (see below) known as a Blaggedde (which sounds similar to plaquette to French and English listeners). On this time of a year all main streets and squares of the city turn into bright and lively markets. It starts at 4 AM on the Monday after Ash Wednesday – yes, rebellious Basel celebrates carnival during lent – and it lasts exactly 72 hours. There are a number of events that occur before and after Fasnacht. +41 61 268 68 68 In 2017, UNESCO added the Basel Fasnacht to its representative list of Intangible Cultural Heritage, thus paying tribute to the rich tradition and singularity of this three-day event. Today, the Carnival of Basel is said to be "the only Protestant carnival in the world". Important events that define the Carnival Basel. This is one of these museums with very diverse expositions: cultural objects from various peoples, modern and antique, common and strange looking. Like with most carnival customs, the roots of the Basel Fasnacht trace back to ancient Celtic and Germanic origins and practices relating to ancestor worship, fertility rites, and the expulsion of winter. The first cliques were formed, Schnitzelbank singers made their appearance for the first time, and piping and drumming gradually became the hallmark of Fasnacht. Spectators, on the other hand, will be politely guided off the route by the Vortrab. The lantern exhibition is referred to as the largest open-air art exhibition of the world. The two routes are sometimes referred to as the blue and the red route because of their colour representation on the route map. These Sujets are usually related to recent events and are highly satirical. The Basler Fasnacht starts on the Monday after Ash Wednesday at precisely 4:00 am with the so-called Morgestraich (see below). There are two major types of lanterns, the large Zugslaterne (parade lanterns) that are wheel-mounted or carried by 2 to 4 people in front of the Cliques; and the head-mounted Kopflaterne (head lanterns) that every participant wears. [3] {{purchaseLicenseLabel}} {{restrictedAssetLabel}} {{buyOptionLabel(option)}} You have view only access under this Premium Access agreement. Like the Cliques, they play music with piccolos and drums. When, during the age of Reformation, merrymaking and feasting were increasingly restricted, even banned at times, the Basel Fasnacht gradually developed into a display of resistance against the city’s authorities. The Basler Fasnacht starts on the Monday after Ash Wednesday at precisely 4:00 am with the so-called Morgestraich ().The carnival lasts for exactly 72 hours and, therefore, ends on Thursday morning at 4:00 am. It remains unclear exactly why Carnival starts one week later in Basel than elsewhere in Switzerland or Germany. Carnival was established in Bern during the medieval period. Owing to its uniqueness and quality, it has been added to the UNESCO intangible cultural heritage list. In addition, there were approximately 6,000 "wild" Fasnächtler (Schyssdräggzygli). Back then, the Fasnacht participants took to the alleys with burning torches. It takes place annually between February and March, or specifically, the Monday after Ash Wednesday. On this day, there are many parades through the city, but, this time, it is not the Cliques that take part, rather families with their children. The first pole-mounted lanterns appeared in 1845 when a ban on carrying open-flame torches was issued. These Sujets can be seen on lanterns during Morgenstreich and in the costumes worn by Clique members during the Cortège. Each Clique has a specific ritual for the farewell, most of which involve forming a circle with their lanterns and chanting a particular musical composition. The only light remaining comes from the lanterns of the Cliques. The lanterns, most of them still wrapped up from delivery from their respective workshops, are brought to where the parade begins in the city centre. The common explanation is that after the Reformation in 1520, Basel continued celebrating its Fasnacht, while the other regions officially stopped. The Fasnacht badge – called a "Blaggedde" was introduced in 1911. The main Guggekonzert at Marktplatz draws thousands of spectators and is broadcast live by Telebasel, the local TV channel. One is that the Basler Fasnacht is Switzerland’s biggest carnival. Afterwards, only this second carnival was celebrated in Basel. The verses are sung in Swiss German and the singer will show Helge (illustrations) to the current verse. The Carnival of Basel (German: Basler Fasnacht) is the biggest carnival in Switzerland and takes place annually between February and March in Basel.It has recently been listed as one of the top fifty local festivities in Europe. The carnival lasts for exactly 72 hours and, therefore, ends on Thursday morning at 4:00 am. Most of these events also feature Schnitzelbanks or other satiric elements. It has been listed as one of the top fifty… Another is that it is the world’s only Protestant carnival! Basel carnival 2018. The income still serves to subsidize the cliques. The common explanation is that after the Reformationin 1520, Basel continued celebrating its Fasnacht, while the other regions officially stopped. Some Guggemusik groups are also invited to play in cafés and restaurants to serenade the guests. The Fasnacht Carnival is the largest of its kind in Switzerland where the streets and alleys of Basel become a kaleidoscope of colour, music and celebration. Military elements were incorporated which still characterize Carnival in Basel to this day: the measured marching pace to the sound of drums and piccolos. In 1996 the house received its present name “Museum der Kulturen Basel”. The first documented mention of Carnival in Basel occurred back in 1376 when a joust was organised by the Duke of Austria, on Shrove Tuesday. Basel Fasnächtlers dress head to toe in costumes to completely hide their identities. There, it is possible to sample traditional Basler carnival specialties, such as flour soup, Zwiebelkuchen and Käsewähe (a quiche-like baked dish). Insider tips from Basel: top events, competitions and special offers. It takes three day from 23 to 25 February 2015. Feb 6, 2013 - Explore H Stevenson's board "Fasnacht" on Pinterest. The Comité also distributes Fasnacht badges (Blaggedde). It has specialties that you can't find anywhere else. All you need to know about the history and background to the "three best days". By the evening, the routes of the Cortège are ankle-deep in confetti. The oldest document about the Carnival in Basel dates back to 1376. While there is no proof for this theory, the amount of confetti used during Basler Fasnacht is huge in comparison to other carnivals. In 2017 the UNESCO added the Carnival of Basel to the list of Intangible Cultural Heritage.[5]. The lantern farewell (Ladärne Verabschiide) is performed by the Cliques on the final evening of the Fasnacht, normally starting at 4:00 am on Thursday but sometimes earlier. It is said, that in order to differ from the Catholic customs, Fasnacht was scheduled one week later starting in 1529. “Die drey scheenschte Dääg” (“the three most beautiful days”), is the nickname that the people of Basel give to their most beloved tradition, the Basel Fasnacht, or Basler Fasnacht to give it its correct German name. Nonetheless, Fasnacht went on until Thursday at 4:00 am. First of all, the Carnival Basel is the latest and starts one week after Ash Wednesday. 'Carnival of Basel' is stilted English. More than that it’s a family affair where tradition collides with modern affairs in what is a fascinating spectacle to observe. Basel, Switzerland. There are no documents from this era supporting this theory, and the resolutions from 1529 were not quoted until 200 years later. Henceforth the institution was called “Museum für Völkerkunde und Schweizerisches Museum für Volkskunde”. from the drum majors, all Cliques begin to march and play the same march, the "Morgestraich", with their instruments. The Waggis are an affectionate spoof on the Alsatian farmers who, in the distant past, regularly rolled up to Basel markets to sell produce. Why does Basel celebrate Fasnacht? After this practice was prohibited in the 19th century, small shards of paper were used as a replacement. In Basel, these 3 days are actually bank holidays so that everyone can enjoy. Some of them are used for experiments with the Fasnacht topic, such as Fasnachts-Musicals or concerts with traditional Fasnacht instruments and crossovers with "classic" instruments. This varied dressing is called "Charivari". Basel Carnival is part of the city’s identity – culturally speaking, it is at the heart of its creative energies and represents three days when the city goes wild. Please take a … Reviewed August 4, 2016 . The Guggemusik groups march through the city centre, then stop to play four to five songs and then move on. Before Fasnacht starts, various events (Vorfasnachtsveranstaltungen) take place. The Carnival of Basel (Basler Fasnacht) is the biggest carnival in Switzerland and takes place every year between February and March in Basel. Tradition – Carnival. In the 19th century, the nature of Fasnacht began to change. See more ideas about Basel, Neuchatel, Carnival. Listening to the Gugge-musiken (fanfares), the city comes to life during 3 days starting from the Monday after Ash Wednesday (in February or March depending on the years). Some trucks are on display on the Kasernenareal from Monday night to Wednesday morning. According to some local historians, the throwing of confetti is a typical tradition from Basel that later spread to the rest of the world. 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